The Doctor’s Advocate | Fourth Quarter 2015
The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM’s) Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care has issued Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, a new study that was partially funded by The Doctors Company Foundation.
At the committee’s first meeting, Medical Director David B. Troxel, MD, presented data on the role of diagnostic error in his review of 7,438 claims closed by The Doctors Company from 2007–2013. Twenty-five percent of the claims were diagnosis related and involved misdiagnosis, delayed diagnosis, and failure to diagnose. Overall, 34 percent of nonsurgical specialty claims were diagnosis related (the most common allegation), and 14 percent of surgical specialty claims were diagnosis related (the third most common allegation).
The top five diagnoses for each of the 10 specialties involved commonly encountered conditions with well-known differential diagnoses. Half of the diagnoses were found repeatedly in different specialties; e.g., acute myocardial infarction appeared in emergency medicine, internal medicine, family medicine, hospital medicine, and cardiology. This finding suggests that factors other than knowledge deficiency play an important role. Factors may include the following:
Of the eight IOM Goals for improving diagnosis and reducing diagnostic error, The Doctors Company is focusing its support on Goals 3 and 6.
The free flow of information is critical for the diagnostic process, which occurs over time and involves multiple healthcare professionals in different healthcare settings. EHR interoperability across healthcare organizations and across lab and imaging information systems is essential to information integration.
We support the report’s recommendation that health IT vendors and the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) work together with users to ensure that EHRs used in the diagnostic process
We also support the recommendation that the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) should
Specifically, The Doctors Company supports the IOM recommendation that professional liability insurance carriers should collaborate with healthcare professionals on opportunities to improve diagnostic performance through education, training, and practice improvement.
For more than 25 years, we have performed and published internal analyses of our claims database—and we have encouraged external analyses by national medical specialty societies.
Our analyses are published in The Doctor’s Advocate (made available each quarter to our 77,000 members), posted to our website, and presented at meetings with national medical specialty societies and medical specialty advisory boards. Many of our studies are also published in peer-reviewed medical journals.
To download the full IOM report, go to www.nas.edu/improvingdiagnosis.
The Doctor’s Advocate is published by The Doctors Company to advise and inform its members about loss prevention and insurance issues.
The guidelines suggested in this newsletter are not rules, do not constitute legal advice, and do not ensure a successful outcome. They attempt to define principles of practice for providing appropriate care. The principles are not inclusive of all proper methods of care nor exclusive of other methods reasonably directed at obtaining the same results.
The ultimate decision regarding the appropriateness of any treatment must be made by each healthcare provider considering the circumstances of the individual situation and in accordance with the laws of the jurisdiction in which the care is rendered.
The Doctor’s Advocate is published quarterly by Corporate Communications, The Doctors Company. Letters and articles, to be edited and published at the editor’s discretion, are welcome. The views expressed are those of the letter writer and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or official policy of The Doctors Company. Please sign your letters, and address them to the editor.
Fourth Quarter 2015
New Early Warning Criteria Could Reduce Maternal Mortality
An Ounce of Prevention
Heed Those EHR Alerts
Government Relations Report
Damage Caps and Equal Protection: Two States, Two Views
New IOM Study Focuses on Improving Diagnosis in Healthcare
What to Expect from Litigation: Dr. Go’s Perspective
The Back Page
Industry and Company News: Fourth Quarter 2015